Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 4


image of the map

Title: EVROPĂ. [Europe]. (bottom right:) "cum priuilegio". [with privilege].

Plate size: 342 x 466 mm
Scale: 1 : 15,000,000
Identification number: Ort 4 (Koeman/Meurer: 5, Karrow: 1/10, van der Krogt AN: 1000:31A)

Occurrence in Theatrum editions and page number:

1570L(AC)5 (225 copies printed)(last line, italic like the entire text, centred like 4 lines above it: "iter agentium".),
1570L(B)5 (100 copies printed)(last line, in non-italic like the entire text: iter agentium. Sixth line from the bottom begins: runt),
1571L5 (275 copies printed)(last line, centred like 3 lines above it: De Regimine iter agentium.),
1571D/1573D5 (350 copies printed)(last line, centred like 4 lines above it: deelen te regeren.),
1572/1574F5 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like 3 lines above it: les autres parties du monde.),
1572G5Koler (pasted over p.5 of a 1570 Latin edition; few copies printed) (last line, left aligned: um, das ist|Ein anleytung| derer so rausen wollen|genandt.),
1572/1573G5 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like 3 lines above it: fuglich geboren worden.),
1573L(AB)5 (80 copies printed) (last line, centred like 4 (version A) or 3 (version B) lines above it: iter agentium.),
1574L5 (175 copies printed) (large page number, 11 mm; similar but not identical to 1575L; last line, centred like 2 lines above it: inscribitur De Regimine iter agentium.),
1575L5 (100 copies printed) (small page number, 7 mm; similar but not identical to 1574L; last line, centred like 2 lines above it: inscribitur: [cursive] "De Regimine iter agentium".),
1579L(A)2 (250 copies printed) (last line of thee indented lines, left aligned: lielmus Gratarolus fecit in calce libri, qui inscribitur : "De Regimine iter agentium".),
1579L(B)2 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: "agentium".),
1580/some 1589G2 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in Gothic script like the entire text: roli|von ihme Regimen iter agentium, das ist|eine Anleyttung|derer so reysen wollen|genandt.),
1581F2 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: autres parties du monde.),
some 1587F2 (some 100 copies printed)(last line, left aligned:autres parties du monde.).

Approximate number of copies printed: 2725.

States: (as described) 4.1.
4.2: in 1573L in SW Spain "Cap de Vincente" changed [incorrectly] into "Cap de Tincente". The sea receives much heavier, irregular stippling, whereas it had regular vertical stippling before. Also, the frame around the cartouche receives heavy vertical hachuring at the bottom, and light hachuring at the top. Curiously, its successor, plate 5, correctly has "Cap de Vincente" again. Yet I found a 1580/1589G copy in state 1.
4.3: in 1580 Cogerbela, North of Uppsala in Sweden was changed into Gogerbela. In Ort5, we find again Cogerbela. On Cyprus, Cermes was changed into Cervies.

Cartographic sources: Gerard Mercator's 1554 map of Europe. Greenland from Mercator's 1569 world map. Both these maps for Iceland. Great Britain after Mercator's 1564 Great Britain map. Scandinavia from Olaus Magnus' 1539 Scandinavia map. Russia is based on Jenkinson's 1562 Russia map. The South Eastern part of this map based on Gastaldi's first map of Asia of 1559. Parts of the North African coast are based on Gastaldi's Africa map of 1564. (Meurer p. 36, Karrow 56/13, and 53/1 p. 386, 363). Ortelius himself mentions in his Catalogus Auctorum also the Europa maps of Apianus, Cornelius Antonii of Frankfurt, Ioannes Bucius Ănicola of Paris, Jacob Homem Lusitanus printed in Venice, Ioannes Dominicus Methoneus of Venice, Nicolaus Nicolay printed in Antwerp by Ioannes Stelsium, and further Vopelius, WaldseemŘller, and Christoph Zell of Nurnberg.

Remarks: This plate was replaced in 1584L by plate Ort 5, which has cursive capitals "AFRICĂ PARS" in the Africa area.

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