Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 112

Text, scholarly version only, translated from the 1584 Latin 3rd Add., 1584 Latin, 1584 German 3rd Add., 1585 French 3rd Add., 1587 French, 1588 Spanish, 1592 Latin, 1595 Latin, 1598 French, 1601 Latin, 1602 German, 1602 Spanish, 1603 Latin, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian, 1609/1612L & 1609/1612/1641 Spanish editions:

112.1. {1584L3Add{NORTGOIA, or the County Palatine of BAYERN.

112.2. The other part of Bayern which is on the other side [of the] Danube and extends beyond the Bohemian woods is called in our time (and has been called for a long time) Nortgoia. It has Nurnberg as its chief city, from which, as some people think, it took its name. And although this Nurnberg is not an ancient city, yet its castle, situated on top of a hill, {not in 1606E{called Castrum Noricum}not in 1606E} is very ancient. This region has many towns, monasteries and mansions, especially Amberg, which in the year of Christ 1300 was surrounded by a wall.
112.3. Averbach, Sulzbach, the monastery called Castell (where in old times the princes of Nortgoia held their court), Eger, Bayreuth, Eichstätt, Nabburg, Neustadt, Ruwenkeln, Kemnath, Kreußen, Grävenwerdt, Eschenbach, Weiden, Pernau, Pleystein, Hersbruck, Rörnbach, Neumarkt, Thursenrut, Elbogen, Cham, Schönsee, Küssenberg, Stauf &c. For the most part these belong to the Palatine princes. For Ludovicus, the emperor and duke of Bayern in the year of Christ 1339 made such a division that of the whole province of Bayern, the province of Nortgoia should be subjected to the Palatine princes, except only certain towns which should belong to the emperor, and also many that used to belong to the crown of the empire have in former times been loaned to the princes of Bayern.
112.4. In this province, between Bamberg and Nurnberg, in the East, towards the town of Eger, there is a high mountain called Fichtelberg from which four rivers issue, [namely the] Main, Naab, Saale and Eger. This mountain is in circumference about six miles. It produces various kinds of metal. It [also] yields the best [kind] of blue colour dye, which they commonly call azure. In the top of the mountain they also find tin, and many caves from which metals have been dug in former times. In general, the whole province everywhere teems with mines, especially of iron, by which the Nortgoians yearly make a great profit.
112.5. Otherwise, the soil is hard and rough, although in some places it brings forth a good quantity of grain, and is excellent pasture ground {not in 1606E{to fatten their cattle}not in 1606E}. This province of Nortgoia contains one of the four duchies or landgravies which a long time ago were established by the emperors, namely Lichtenberg which takes its name from the castle of Lichtenberg, although the princes of that jurisdiction keep their court in the town of Pfreimbt, and sometimes in Grünsfeld, the location of which you may see on the map.
112.6. The duke who now possesses this place is called Georg, if I am not deceived, descended from his forebears Albert and Frederick. This duchy has not grown to such a size as the other three, which in the course of time have expanded much, both in possessions and command, especially the landgravy or duchy of Hessen. So far for Sebastian Münster. See also Pius the second. About the beginnings of the County Palatine of this province read Franz Irenicus. Conradus Celtes the poet has most excellently described Nurnberg, the chief city of this province. {1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G{And lately also Pighius in Hercules Prodicius}1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G}. Gasper Brusch of Eger has described Fichtelberg {1588S, not in 1602G{(a mountain plentifully bearing pine trees)}1588S, not in 1602G} in a specific treatise. {1602G only{We will deal with Wirtenberg on the next map, which is specifically devoted to it}1602G only}.

112.7. The territory or jurisdiction of STRASSBOURG.

112.8. The book of records (Notitiarum liber) mentions {not in 1584G3Add, 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F{Argentoratensis tractus}not in 1584G3Add, 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F}, the precinct of Strassbourg. It takes its name from {not in 1584G3Add, 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F{Argentoratum or Argentina, as others name it, now called}not in 1584G3Add, 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F} Strassbourg, {not in 1606E{the capital city of this area}not in 1606E}. This area is part of Elsas, where in former times the Triboces {not in 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F{or Tribocci}not in 1585F3Add, 1587F & 1598F} lived, as Rhenanus, Münster and others think. It is clear from old records that it has at some stage been under the jurisdiction of the city of Trier. Afterwards, it was governed by dukes (although not [meant] in that sense in which the word is commonly used nowadays), yet they were subject to the duke of Metz, as the book of records just mentioned shows.
112.9. At this day it is dignified with the title of landgravy. Besides many [other] things in this city worthy of our praise, there is a most stately steeple on its chief church, whose height is such that it does not only exceed all the rest in all of Germany, but in my opinion in all of Europe. It is, as Münster has recorded, five hundred and seventy-four feet high. The people of Vienna in Austria think that the steeple on their church of St. Stephanus exceeds all others in height, yet, as Cuspinianus reports, it is only four hundred and eighty feet high.
112.10. {1592L, not in 1598F{The steeple of St. Paul's of London in England is in height five hundred and thirty-four feet, as the learned Mr. Camden says}1592L, not in 1598F}. Ours of the church of our Virgin at Antwerp is only four hundred and sixty-six feet high. But whether the measure of foot used by the architects of these three {1592L and later have instead{four}1592L and later instead} different cities for measuring is the same or not, let those who are more curious about these matters seek the solution}1584L3Add, 1584L, 1584G3Add, 1585F3Add, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S end here}. {1601L, not in 1602G{That [steeple] of ours in Antwerp excels above all others in workmanship and beauty I dare to affirm, having seen all [the steeples] mentioned.
About this territory of Strassbourg, read Beatus Rhenanus' first book of his German histories}1601L, 1603L, 1606E, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L end here}.

Bibliographical sources

For questions/comments concerning this page, please e-mail