Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 191


image of the map

Title: no title. This map is to be combined with Ort 190, which bears the title for both plates. (Cartouche lower left:) "Cum privi:|legio Imp. Reg. et Cancel:|lariŠ BrabantiŠ | decennali." [With a Privilege by his imperial majesty and the Brabant council]. (Bottom centre:) "Stanni et plum:|bi fodinŠ". [Tin and lead mines].

Plate size: 371 x 490 mm.
Scale: 1 : 1,700,000.
Identification number: Ort 191 (Koeman/Meurer: 16P, Karrow: 1/174, van der Krogt AN: 5000H:2:31A).

Occurrence in Theatrum editions and page number:

1590L4Addblank (100 copies printed) (text and typesetting identical to 1592L but here without page number; last line, in italic script, left aligned, : "ob oculos posuisse videatur".),
1591G4Addblank (75 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in Gothic script: den Isulen/so in dieser Tafelen abgerissen und entworffen sein.),
1592L3 (525 copies printed) (text and typesetting identical to 1590L4Add, but here with page number 3; last line, in italic script, left aligned: "ob oculos posuisse videatur".),
1602G (few copies printed) (no data).
States: 191.1 only.

Approximate number of copies printed: 710.

Cartographic sources: made by Ortelius on the basis of modern information from Mercator's 1564 map of the British Isles, improved by a new outline from Saxton's 1579 map (Meurer p. 197, Karrow 56/16, p. 387-388) and ancient knowledge from Diodorus Siculus, Plinius, Appianus, Tacitus, Caesar and Strabo.

References: R.W. Shirley (1991) "Early Printed Maps of the British Isles" 1477-1650, Antique Atlas Pub. East Grinstead, map 160, plate 64, pp. 70-71.

Remarks: This plate, together with Ort 190, was replaced by the single plate Ort 192 in 1595L. Yet, leftover prints of this early plate were used as late as 1602G (page number 9). Engraving probably by Jan Wierix. Note that the text refers to Ort190, rather than to Ort191.

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