Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 150


image of the map

Title: HVNGARIAE DESCRIPTIO, WOLFGANGO LAZIO AVCT. "Cum priuilegio". [A representation of Hungary by Wolfgang Lazius With privilege.] (Text of 6 lines in hills along the Danube, left of cattle:) VERTHES "mons hungaricŔ" BATON | "germanicŔ dem Schiltberg quod Henri:|cum III imp. istic castrametatum re:|ferunt, contra Belam HungariŠ Regŕ, | famŔq. pre▀um relictis scutis castra | deserui▀e". [Verthes, in Hungarian called Baton, in German Schiltberg, because, as the story goes, Emperor Henricus III had pitched his camp here against king Bela of Hungary, and was forced to give up this camp, leaving his shields behind.] (Vignette right of calipers and mile scale:) "HungaricŠ uoces | quomodo lengendŠ sunt. | CH litterŠ in vocibus | Hungaricis CZ. S, littera | pro SCH. Z, littera pro | S simplici, in vocibus | Hungaricis. W, litte:|ram in fine pro | VY". [How to read Hungarian. The letters CH sound in Hungarian as CZ. The S is the letter for SCH. The Z is the letter for simple S in Hungarian. Finally, the W is the letter standing for VY].

Plate size: 355 x 500 mm
Scale: 1 : 3,000,000
Identification number: Ort 150 (Koeman/Meurer: 42, Karrow: 1/62, vdKrogtAN: 1800:31A).

Occurrence in Theatrum editions and page number:
1570L(AC)42 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like 7 lines above it: gariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1570L(B)42 (100 copies printed) (last line, centred like 6 lines above it: opusculum.),
1571L42 (275 copies printed) (last line, centred like 6 lines above it: opusculum.),
1571/1573D42 (350 copies printed) (last line, in cursive script, centred like 2 lines above it: "Leest van dit Landt,Bonfinium,Broderith,ende Wernherum".),
1572G42Koler (pasted over p.42 of a 1570L edition, few copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in Gothic script except for one name: auch Georgius VVernherus ein BŘchlein von den wunderbaren Wassern des Ungerlandes geschriben.),
1572/1573G42 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like one line above it: danck sagen wurd.Liset Bonfinium, Broderith,vnd Werherum, von disem Land.),
1572/1574F42 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like 3 lines above it: vousist rendre vn grand mercy.Lisez de ce pays Bonfin,Broderith,& Wernher.),
1573L(A)56 (40 copies printed) (last line, centred like 4 lines above it: aquis opusculum;
1573L(B)56 (40 copies printed) (last line, centred like 4 lines above it: HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1574L56 (175 copies printed) (large page number, 11 mm; title followed by small round dot; 14th textline ends: Balaton ; last line, centred like 5 lines above it: HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1575L56 (100 copies printed) (small page number, 7 mm; title followed by heavy diamond-shaped dot; 14th line ends: Balaton, ; last line, centred like 5 lines above it: opusculum),
1579L(A)76 (250 copies printed) (last line, centred like three lines above it: HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1579L(B)76 (250 copies printed) (last line, centred like two lines above it: herus de admirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1580/1589G76 (350 copies printed) (last line, centred like 5 lines above it, in Gothic script: geschriben.},
1581F76 (400 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: rith,& VVernher.),
1584L83 (750 copies printed) (last line, centred like two lines above it: mirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1587F83 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: pays Bonfin , Broderith , & Wernher.),
1588S83 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: aguas de.Hungria.),
1592L90 (525 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: gius VVernherus de admirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1595L95 (500 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: gius VVernherus de admirandis HungariŠ aquisopusculum.),
1598F96 (525 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: pays Bonfin,Broderith,& Wernher.),
1598/1610/1613D66 (100 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: rich,ende Wernherum),
1601L95 (200 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: Scripsit & Georg Wernherus de Admirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1602G98 (250 copies printed) (last line, centred like 5 lines above it, in Gothic script like the entire text: landt/geschriben.),
1602S98 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: ge Wernhero vn opusculo de las marauillosas aguas de Hungria.),
1603L98 (300 copies printed) (text, but not pagenumber and typesetting, identical to 1609/1612L; last line, left aligned: Scripsit & Georgius VVernherus de Admirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1606E95 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: tract of the strange waters of "Hungary".),
1608/1612I107, (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: trouato presente.),
1609/1612L108, (last line, left aligned: text, but not page number and typesetting, identical to 1603L; Scripsit & Georgius VVernherus de Admirandis HungariŠ aquis opusculum.),
1609/1612/1641S108 (325 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: de Hungria.),

Approximate number of copies printed: 8175.

States: 150.1 as described above.
150.2: from 1573L(B version) onwards, circle and strapwork in the lower cartouche decorated with framing and stippling. The right hand small square in circle of lower cartouche stippled.
150.3: from 1574L onwards, lines of the bridge "Pontis Traiani" over the Danube, lower right, connected. Rivers more prominently shaded. "Balaton lacus" and "Echeyd lacus" stippled. Compasses over "Scala | Milliarum Hun:|garicorű" re-engraved with more detail.
150.4: from 1579L(B) onwards shading of hills left of compasses re-engraved with horizontal lines. Stippling extends into between the words "Balaton la:cus".
150.4a: Gr˛f (1979, see below) claims that from 1598F onwards horizontal shading in the top fold of the Hungarian coat of arms. I have not been able to confirm the existence of this state.
150.5: totally reworked. Two additional cartouches with Dutch texts, both dated 1664 and signed by Ioan Gall. It is depicted on p. 36 of Cartographica Hungarica vol 1., 1992

Remarks: rules for Hungarian consonant pronunciation of place names in lower cartouche.

Cartographic sources: Lazius 1556 5-sheet wall map (Karrow 49/7, p. 338, Meurer p. 182-183). In the "Catalogus Auctorum" Ortelius mentions various other authors who made a Hungary map, viz. Georgius Tanesterus Collimitus or Georg Tanstetter in 1522, after Lazarus. Ioannes Cuspinianus added various features, and Apianus published it in 1528. Lazius revised this map in 1552. Ortelius also mentions in the "Catalogus Auctorum" Hungary maps by Matthias Cinthius or Zyndt of Nurnberg 1567, Jacobus Gastaldi and Ioannes Sambucus.

References: Gr˛f (1979) "The Map Collector" 6:2-11; (1992) "Cart. Hung". 1:26-36

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Bibliographical sources

Topographical names


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