Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 144


image of the map

Title: ILLYRICVM. (Cartouche in bottom right with 12 lines of text:) IOAN. SAMBVCVS | ORTELIO SVO S. | "Mitto hanc quoque tabellam qua | nece▀aria confinia PannoniŠ de:|clarantur, fluuiorum & aliquot lo:|corum situs, Hirschvogelij recte | mutaui, Angelini autem studio | plurima adieci, et interualla cor:|rexi, vt parum quis si cum Hirsch:|vogelij hŠc coniungat desiderarit, | si qui errores sint, dies certiora do:|cebit, ViennŠ, Vale, 25 October 1572". [Ioannes Sambucus greets his friend Ortelius. I also send a modest representation in which the necessary boundaries of Pannonia are being described, as well as the location of rivers and some places. Those provided by Hirschvogel I have changed and to those of Angelinus I have added some, and I have corrected some distances so that, when they are compared to those of Hirschvogel, which contain some mistakes, he can get to know the truth with greater certainty. Vienna, farewell, October 25, 1572.; [NB This letter is not contained in Hessels 1887.] (Upper left:) "Cum ImperatoriŠ et RegiŠ | Maiestatis Priuilegio". [With an imperial and royal privilege].

Plate size: 370 x 479 mm
Scale: 1 : 660,000
Identification number: Ort 144 (Koeman/Meurer: 71, Karrow: 1/98, vdKrogtAN: 7640:31).

Occurrence in Theatrum editions and page number:
1573D1Add41.A. (75 copies printed) (identical to 1573D but with different page number; last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "Keysers Hoff seer gheuseert wordt".),
1573D41 (75 copies printed) (identical to 1573D1Add, but with different page number; last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "Keysers Hoff seer gheuseert wordt".),
1573L1Add41.A. (100 copies printed) (identical to 1573L version A but with different page number;last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "tinopolim ferŔ vsque,ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequenti▀imus vsus est."),
1573L(A)54 (40 copies printed) (identical to 1573L1Add, but with different page number; 7th line from the top ends: Geogra ; last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "tinopolim ferŔ vsque,ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequenti▀imus vsus est."),
1573L(B)54 (40 copies printed) (7th line from the top ends: Geogra- ; last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "tinopolim ferŔ vsque,ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequenti▀imus vsus est."),
1574L54 (175 copies printed) (large page number, 11 mm; title followed by small round dot; first textline ends: ter ; last line, centred like 4 lines above it: inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus est.),
1575L54 (100 copies printed) (small page number, 7 mm; title followed by heavy diamond-shaped dot; first textline ends: ter- ; last line, centred like 4 lines above it: inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus est.),
1579L(A)73 (250 copies printed) (last line, centred like two lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "tinopolim ferŔ usque,ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus est".),
1579L(B)73 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1580/1589G73 (350 copies printed) (last line, centred like 3 lines above it, in Gothic script like the entire text: cken sehr gemeyn vnd brńuchlich ist.),
1581F74 (400 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: liure.),
1584L80 (750 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: que;ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1587F80 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: Constantinople, estant fort frequentÚe Ó la Cour de l'Empereur.),
1588S80 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: hasta Constantinopla ; tanto que aun entre los Turcos es muy vsada.),
1592L87 (525 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: que; ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1595L92 (500 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: nopolim ferŔ vsque;ade˛ vt eius etiam inter Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1598F94 (525 copies printed) (last line, large font, left aligned: pendice de ce liure.),
1598/1610/1613D65 (100 copies printed) (text identical to that of Ort145 in 1598D; last line, centred like 5 lines above it, in cursive script like most of the text: "gheuseert vvordt."),
1601L93 (200 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: gratum GeographiŠ candidatis duxi.),
1602G96 (250 copies printed) (last line, centred like 4 lines above it, in Gothic script like the entire text: und brńuchlich ist.),
1602S95 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: canas, casi hasta Constantinopla,de manera que ella es tambien muy comun y vsada entre los Turcos.),
1603L95 (300 copies printed) (text, but not page number and typesetting, identical with 1609/1612L; last line, left aligned: Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1606E93 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: be a thing well pleasing to all students of Cosmography.),
1608/1612I102 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: regioni circonstanti infin quasi Ó Constantinopoli , tal che anco infra li Turchi sia in vso grandissimo.),
1609/1612L103 (300 copies printed) (text, but not page number and typesetting, identical to 1603L; last line, left aligned: Turcos frequentissimus vsus sit.),
1609/1612/1641S103 (325 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: tambien muy comun y vsada entre los Turcos.).

Approximate number of copies printed: 7025.

States: 144.1 as described above.
144.2: From 1587F onwards, stippling on "Sinus Hadriaticus" and lake "Balaton". Also, shading on "Danubius flu.", Sava flu." and "Drava flu." strengthened. The river name "Drier" (middle left B2) was changed into "Driet".
144.3: Between 1592 and 1595, the place name "Karlstatt" was added just above and slightly to the left of the C of CROVA:TIA.
Next to that, as Gr˛f notes, the plate shows progressive damage:
In 1579L(B) a 9 mm crack appears through the left hand frame, third square below the 45 degree mark. In 1584L traces of repair at place just mentioned, and nine squares above 45 degree mark. In 1592L rivet marks are visible on the crack mentioned for 1579L, which is now 12 mm. In 1602S lower crack extends to 19 mm, the upper crack becomes more prominent. In 1598F a third crack appears between squares 10 and 11 in the left hand frame, and a fourth crack shows up in the right hand margin, just below "..aliquot lo:" in the cartouche in 1609/1612L and 1609/1612/1641S.

Cartographic sources: Johann Sambucus 1572, based on Hirschvogel 1565 (Karrow 40/9.1 p. 299-300, 461, Meurer p. 227).

References: Gr˛f (1979) "The Map Collector" 6 p. 2-11, (1992) Cartographica Hungarica 1: pp. 26-36.

Note: in 1574L, 1575L, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1584L, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612L and 1609/1612/1641S this map receives the text previously given to Ort 145, whereas the short text for Ort 144 moves to Ort 145. Thus, as regards texts, which are about identical, Ort 144 and 145 are in complementary distribution. When one has the short text version, the other has the long one.

Text

Bibliographical sources

Topographical names


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