Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 128


image of the map

Title: PEDE|MONTA:|NAE VICI:|NORVMQVE | REGIONVM | AVCTORE IA:|COBO CAS:|TALDO DE:|SCRIP. [Representation of Piedmont and surrounding regions, by Iacobo Gastaldi] (Lower left:) "Cum priuilegio" [With privilege]. (Middle left:) "Qui principia PO ET La | Druenza vno va nella Italia | E l'altro in prouenza". [The beginnings of the river Po and la Druenza; one goes to Italy, the other to the Provence.]

Plate size: 374 x 497 mm
Scale: 1 : 450,000
Identification number: Ort 128 (Koeman/Meurer: 34, Karrow: 1/45, vdKrogtAN: 7050:31).

Occurrence in Theatrum editions and page number:

1570L(AC)34 (200 copies printed) (last line, centred like 4 lines above it: Dominicum Nigrum.),
1570L(B)34 (125 copies printed) (last line, centred like one line above it: vide Merulam,lib.6.Historiae Vicecomitum.),
1571L34 (275 copies printed) (last line, centred like one line above it: vide Merulam,lib.6.HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.). Typesetting identical to 1570L(B), probably a left-over sheet from 1570L(B)),
1571/1573D34 (350 copies printed) (last line, in cursive script like the entire text, centred like one line above it: "in onsen tyden eenen grooten naem,e˝ geenen minderen rijckdom vercrygen".),
1572/1574F34 (225 copies printed) (last line, centred like 2 lines above it, in cursive script like the entire text: "temps grand bruit & renommee, & non moindre riche▀es."),
1572G34 (pasted over p.34 of a 1570L edition; few copies printed)(last line, left aligned, mainly in Gothic script: rissen/von derselben hat Merula lib.6. HistoriŠ Vicecomitum,weitleuffig geschriben.),
1572/1573G34 (225 copies printed) (last line, cursive like the entire text, centred like one line above it: "vnnd kainen wenigern reichthumb erlangt".),
1573L(A)44 (40 copies printed) (the first capital P of the title above the A of the first text word TAVRINORVM. Last line, centred like 4 lines above it: Libro 6.HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1573L(B)44 (40 copies printed) (the first capital P of the title above the letters VR of the first text word TAVRINORVM. Last line, centred like 4 lines above it: Libro 6.HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1574L44 (175 copies printed) (large page number, 11 mm; 20th line from the bottom ends: lon ; last line, centred like 5 lines above it: riŠ Vicecomitum.),
1575L44 (100 copies printed) (small page number, 7 mm; 20th line from the bottom ends: lon- ; last line, centred like 5 lines above it: riŠ Vicecomitum.),
1579L(A)63 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: riŠ Vicecomitum. ; page number 63 below Histo- of penultimate text line.),
1579L(B)63 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: riŠ Vicecomitum. ; page number 63 below libro of penultimate text line.),
1580/1589G63 (350 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in Gothic script like the entire text: nem sechsten Buch seiner histori von den Statthaltern/so die Graaffen daselbst an ihre statt bestelt haben.),
1581F63 (400 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in cursive script like the entire text: "temps grand bruit & renommee,& non moindres richesses."),
1584L69 (750 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: Vicecomitum.),
1587F69 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in cursive script like the entire text: "temps grand bruit & renommÚe , & non moindres richesses".),
1588S69 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: lib.6. de dos Vizcondes.),
1592L74 (525 copies printed) (last line, centred like four lines above it: quoque Merulam libro sexto HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1595L77 (500 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: Hactenus Blondus. Vide de hac quoque Merulam libro sexto HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1598F79 (525 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in cursive script like the entire text: "temps grand bruit & renommÚe,& non moindres richesses".),
1598/1610/1613D55 (100 copies printed) (last line, centred like 3 lines above it: naem, ende geenen minderen rijckdom vercrygen.),
1601L77 (200 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: libro sexto HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1602G80 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned, in Gothic script like the entire text: ihre statt bestelt haben.),
1602S80 (250 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: rula , lib. 6. de los Vizcondes.),
1603L80 (300 copies printed) (text, but not pagenumber and typesetting, identical to 1609/1612L; last line, left aligned: sexto HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1606E77 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: this Country.),
1608/1612I87 (300 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: Insino Ó qui il Biondo. Vedi anco di questo il Merula nel sesto lib. dell'historia de Visconti.),
1609/1612L87 (300 copies printed) (text, but not page number and typesetting, identical to 1603L; last line, left aligned: sexto HistoriŠ Vicecomitum.),
1609/1612/1641S87 (325 copies printed) (last line, left aligned: rula, lib.6. de los Vizcondes.).

Approximate number of copies printed: 8175.

States: 128.1 as described.
128.2 between 1580 and 1581 the entire plate was re-engraved, because the numerous mountains had all faded. During this re-engraving, quite a few changes were made. The mountain at 7 o'clock just outside the ring framing the cartouche had diagonal hatching from upper right to lower left; in this second state the hatching goes from upper left to lower right. The right side ornament just outside the ring framing the cartouche is blank in state 1, but has horizontal/diagonal cross hatching in state 2. The middle lobe at the bottom (6 o'clock) and its attachment are blank in state 1, but stippled in state 2.
Unintentional states are provided by a crack at the bottom of the plate, below the G of "LIGVS".
The crack is first visible in the 1579L(A) edition. By 1584, it has widened and has been repaired with 6 bolts. This cracking process continues and in 1612 there is a wide gap resulting in a very heavy ink line of about 3 mm wide extending vertically for 40 mm, ending above the "LIGVS" lettering.

Cartographic sources: Giacomo Gastaldi, abt. 1500-1566 (Karrow 30/76, p. 216-249, Meurer p. 148-154).

Remarks: This map is one of the most accurate regional maps contained in the Theatrum.

Text

Bibliographical sources

Topographical names


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