<p>#6527 Seste deel van de Nieuwe Atlas, oft Tooneel ...


#6527 Seste deel van de Nieuwe Atlas, oft Tooneel des Aerdrijcx [Sixthe volume of the New Atlas or Theatre of the World, Joannes Blaeu].

Amsterdam, Blaeu, January 7, 1655.

This is the first atlas of China published in the West, and the first and only edition which appeared in Dutch. Four Latin editions would follow this edition in 1655 (3x) and 1662. French editions appeared in 1655 and 1663, a German edition would follow in 1656, and a Spanish edition in 1658/1659.

Janssoniusíatlas of Chinese provinces would follow in his Atlas Novus of 1675.

This atlas is a relevant early document concerning its naming of islands in the proximity of China. It allows to trace Chinese sources on which it is based. It is a document concerning Chinese cultural heritage of fundamental importance.

The atlas contains an engraved title page and 17 maps: A map of China, followed by 33 pages of text written by Martini to explain how he compiled his maps from the Chinese originals; followed by maps and descriptions of 15 provinces, an appendix with a map of Japan and text about Japan (from p. 211-212), a register for place names in all 15 provinces, (p.213 to (unnumbered) 222). An appendix of the kingdom of Catay, (numbered j-xviii). And a History of the Tartar War, (p. 1-40). The names of the maps and provinces:

0††† China, p. 0

     
  1. Peking or Pecheli. p.      34-45
  2.  
  3. Xansi. p. 46-52
  4.  
  5. Xensi. p. 63-64
  6.  
  7. Xantung p. 65-72
  8.  
  9. Honan p. 72-79
  10.  
  11. Suchuen p. 80-90
  12.  
  13. Huquang p. 91-102
  14.  
  15. Kiangsi p. 103-114
  16.  
  17. Kiangnan or Nanking      p. 115-131
  18.  
  19. Chekiang 132-146
  20.  
  21. Fokien 147-160
  22.  
  23. Quantung 161-173
  24.  
  25. Quangsi 174-182
  26.  
  27. Queicheu 183-190
  28.  
  29. Junan 191-209
  30.  
  31. Japon 211-212

The atlas altogether contains 373 pages, weighs 6.5 kgs and it is issued in very large folio measuring 560 x 365 mm.† It is bound in modern but timeless parchment and has IOAN | BLAEU | NIEUWE | ATLAS | SESTE DEEL in modern lettering on its spine. The atlas is complete and is printed on fresh white paper without any damage. Two maps have a shade of browning.

This atlas was based on the writings of Martinus Martini, (1614-1661), a Jesuit missionary, cartographer and writer from Trento, Italy, who went to China in 1643 and who traveled there extensively. When he was ordered to Rome in 1651, he took with him more than 50 Chinese books and maps, among them a copy of the manuscript atlas of the Chinese provinces by Zhu Siben, compiled in 1311-1312, with revisions from the printed atlas by Lo Honxian (1555), and his own extensive notes on China. Martiniís ship was captured by the Dutch and brought to Java. Martini was sent to Amsterdam where he arrived in 1654. During the voyage to Europe aboard the Dutch East-India men, Martini made transcriptions of his texts and wrote his own descriptions of China in Latin. The text in Blaeuís atlas, translated into Dutch, is Martiniís own account, written in the first person, of the geography, history, manners and customs and history of the Chinese empire and its people. He also collected longitudes and latitudes of practically all place names occurring on his maps, and essays on Catay and the Chinese wars against the Tartars. Martini returned to China, and was head of the mission in Hangchow, 1661, where he died.
This atlas may not only shed light further on the sources Martini used for his maps, but the numerous texts are also an highly interesting account of the characteristics of China, showing their advanced cultural and scientific level in the 17th century.

Martini gives an enormous amount of information on the provinces he describes in terms of their cities, their produce, their fortifications, laws, internal and external wars, religion etc. which were all translated from Martiniís Latin notes for this atlas into Dutch. Below, we will provide a fairly detailed list what can be found in the atlas on each page.

The price of this unique atlas in excellent condition is Euro 19,500.

A CD-Rom with the complete atlas is enclosed

Contents of the atlas:.

(0a) Spine with modern text.

(0b) Front cover of modern parchment

Page 1,2, my numbering, modern blind leaves

3 modern leaf, 4 old leaf

5 blank, 6 Title page in Dutch/Latin

7 blank, 8 dedication in Dutch

9 dedication in Dutch, 10 dedication in Latin

11 privilege in Dutch

12,13 Map of China

14,15 Preface to the reader p.1 (atlas numbering)

16,17 Preface to the reader p. 2,3

18,19 Preface to the reader p. 4,5

20,21 Preface to the reader p. 6,7

22,23 Preface to the reader p. 8,9

24,25 Preface to the reader p. 10,11

26,27 Preface to the reader p. 12,13

28,29 Preface to the reader p. 14,15

30,31 Preface to the reader p. 16,17

32,33 Preface to the reader p. 18,19

34,35 Preface to the reader p. 20,21

36,37 Preface to the reader p. 22,Eastern Tartary p. 23

38,39 Eastern Tartary, p. 24,25

40,41 Eastern Tartary p. 26, kingdom of Niulhan p. 27

42,43 kingdom of Tanya, p. 28, kingdom of Samahania, p. 29

44,45 kingdom of Sifan, p. 30, kingdom of Laos, p. 30,31

46,47 kingdom of Gannan, p. 32,33†

48,49 area of Peking p. 34, blank

50,51 Map of Peking/Pecheli

52,53 blank, Peking, p. 35

54,55 Xuntien, p. 36,37

56,57 Xuntien, p. 38,39

58,59 Xuntien, p. 40, Paoting, Hokien p. 41

60,61 Chintung, Xunte, p. 42, Quang Ping, Taming, p. 43

62,63 Jung Ping, p. 44,45

64,65 Xansi, p. 46, blank

66,67 Map of Xansi

68,69 Tayuen, p.47

70,71 Pingyang, p. 48,49

72,73 Taitung, Lugan, p. 50, Fuencheu, p. 51

74,75 Sin, p. 52, blank

76,77 Map of Xensi

78,79 blank, Xensi, p.53

80,81 Xensi, p. 54, Sigan, p. 55

82,83 Xensi, p. 56,57

84,85 Fungciang, p. 58, Hanchung, p. 59

86,87 Pingleang, Cungang, p. 60, Linyao, p. 61

88,89 Kingyang, p. 62, Jengan, p. 62,63

90,91 Jengan, p. 64, blank

92,93 Map of Xantung

94,95 blank, Xantung, p. 65

96,97 Xantung, p, 66, Cinan p. 67

98,99 Yenchew, p. 68, Tungchang, p. 69

100,101 Cingcheu, p. 70, Tengcheu, Laicheu, p. 71

102,103 islands, fortifications, p. 72, blank

104,105 Map of Honan

106,107 blank, Honan, p. 73

108,109 Caifung, p. 74, Queite, Changte, p. 75

110,111 Gueihoei, Hoaiking, p. 76, Honan, p. 77

112,113 Nanyang, Juning, p. 78, Juning, p. 79

114,115 Suchuen, p. 80, blank

116,117 Map of Suchuen

118,119 blank, Suchuen, p. 81

120,121 Chingtu, p. 82, Paoning, Xunking, p. 83

122,123 Siucheu, Chungking, p. 84, Queicheu, p. 85

124,125 Lunggan, Mahu, p. 86, Tunchuen, Muicheu, p. 87

126,127 Kiating, Kiung, Liecheu, Yacheu, p. 88, fortifications p. 89

128,129 mountains, p. 90, blank

130,131 Map of Huquang (slight browning)

132,133 blank, Huquang, Vuchang, p. 91

134,135 Hanyang, p. 92, Siangyang, p. 93

136,137 Tegan, Hoangcheu, p. 94, Kingcheu, p. 95

138,139 Yocheu, p. 96, Changxa, p. 97

140,141 Paoking, Henghcheu, p. 98, Changte, Xincheu, p. 99

142,143 Jungcheu, Chingtien, p. 100, Chinyang, Cingcheu, p. 101

144,145 Chincheu, p. 102, blank

146,147 Map of Kiangsi (very slight browning)

148,149 blank, Kiangsi, p. 103

150,151 Kiangsi, p. 104, Nanchang, p. 105

152,153 Iaocheu, p. 106, Quangsin, p. 107

154,155 Nankang, Kievkang, p. 108, Kienchang, p. 109

156,157 Vucheu, Linkiang, p. 110, Kiegn, Xuicheu, p. 111

158,159 Juencheu, Cancheu, p. 112, Nangan, p. 113

160,161 churches, p. 114

162,163 Map of Nanking or Kiangnan

164,165 blank, Kiangnan, p. 115

166,167 Kiangnan, p. 116, Kiangning, p. 117

168,169 Kiangnin, p. 118,119

170,171 Fungyang, p. 120, Sucheu, p. 121

172,173 Sucheu, p. 122, Sunkiang, p. 123

174,175 Changcheu, p. 124, Chingkiang, p. 125

176,177 Yangcheu, Hoaigan, p. 126, Hoaigan, p. 127

178,179 Lucheu, Ganking, Taiping, p. 128, Ninque, Chicheu, Hoeicheu, p. 129

180,181 Hoeicheu, p. 130, Quangte, Hocheu, Chucheu, Siucheu, p. 131

182,183 Cheking, p. 132, blank

184,185 Map of Chekiang

186,187 blank, Chekiang, p. 135(!)

188,189 Chekiang, p. 136, (!) Hang Cheu p. 133 (!)

190,191 Chekiang, p. 134 (!), 137,

192,193 Kiahing, Hucheu, p. 138, Niencheu, Kinhoa, p. 139

194,195 Kiucheu, p. 140, Chucheu, p. 141

196,197 Xaohing, p. 142, Ningpo, p. 143

198,199 Taicheu, p. 144, Vencheu, p. 145

200,201 Venchieu, p. 146, blank

202,203 Map of Fokien

204,205 blank, Fokien, p. 147

206,207 Fokien, p. 148, Focheu, p. 149

208.209 Focheu, p. 150, Civencheu, p. 151

210,211 Changeu, p. 152, Kienning, p. 153

212,213 Kienning, p. 154, Jenping, p. 155

214,215 Tincheu, Hinghoa, p. 156, Xaouu, Poning, p. 157

216,217 Formosa, p. 158,159

218,219 Formosa p. 160, blank

220,221 Map of Quantung

222,223 blank, Quantung, p. 161

224,225 Quantung, p. 162, Quangcheu, p. 163

226,227 Quangcheu, p. 164, Xaocheu, p. 165

228,229 Nanhiung, p. 166, Hoeicheu, p. 167

230,231 Chaocheu, p. 168, Chaoking, p. 169

232,233 Kaocheu, Liencheu, p. 170, Luicheu, p. 171

234,235 Kiuncheu p. 172,173

236,237 Quangsi, p. 174, blank

238,239 Map of Quangsi

240,241 blank, Queilin, p. 175

242,243 Lieucheu, p. 176, Kingyuen, Pinglo, p. 177

244,245 Gucheu, p. 178, Cincheu, Nanning, p. 179

246,247 Taiping, p. 180, Suming. Chingan, Tiencheu, Sugen, Suching, p. 181

248,249 fortifications, p. 182, blank

250,251 Map of Queicheu

252,253 blank, Queicheu, p. 183

254,255 Queiyang, p. 184, Sucheu, Sunan, Chinyuen, p. 185

256,257 Xecien, Tunggin, Liping, p, 186, Tucho, Pugan, Jungning, p. 187

258,259 Chinning, Ganxun, Putting, Sintien, p. 188, Pingyue, Lungli, p. 189

260,261 Lungli, p. 190, blank

262,263 Map of Junnan

264,265 blank, Junnan, p. 191

266,267 Junnan, p. 192,193

268,269 Tali, p. 194, Lingan, p. 195

270,271 Cuhiung, Chinkiang, p. 196, Munghoa, Kingtung, Quangnan, p. 197

272,273 Quangsi, Chinyuen, Iungning, Xunning, p. 198, Kiocing, p. 199

274,275 Yaogan, Cioking, p. 200, Vuting, Cintien, Likiang, p. 201

276,277 Juenkiang, Junchang, p. 202, fortifications, p. 203

278,279 Lancang, Mopang, Mien, p. 204, Leaotung, p. 205

280,281 Leaotung, p. 206, Corea. P. 207

282,283 Corea, p. 208,209

284,285 Appendix Japon, p. 210, blank

286,287 Map of Japon

288,289 blank, Japon, p. 211

290,291 Japon, p. 212, Register longitudes and latitudes (1), p. 213

292,293 Register longitudes and latitudes (2,3)

294,295 Register longitudes and latitudes (4,5), p.216

296,297 Register longitudes and latitudes (6,7)

297,299 Register longitudes and latitudes (8,9)

300,301 Register longitudes and latitudes (10,11)

302,303 Register longitudes and latitudes (12,13)

304,305 Register longitudes and latitudes (14,15)

306,307 Register longitudes and latitudes (16,17)

308,309 Register longitudes and latitudes (18,19)

310,311 Register longitudes and latitudes (20), Catay (1)

312,313 Catay (2,3)

314,315 Catay (4,5)

316,317 Catay (6,7)

318,319 Catay (8,9)

320,321 Catay (10,11)

322,323 Catay (12,13)

324,325 Catay (14,15)

326,327 Catay (16,17)

328,329 Catay (18), History of Tartan war p. 1

330,331 History of Tartan war p. 2,3

332,333 History of Tartan war p. 4,5

334,335 History of Tartan war p. 6,7

336,337 History of Tartan war p. 8,9

338,339 History of Tartan war p. 10,11

340,341 History of Tartan war p. 12,13

342,343 History of Tartan war p. 14,15

344,345 History of Tartan war p. 16,17

346,347 History of Tartan war p. 18,19

348,349 History of Tartan war p. 20,21

350,351 History of Tartan war p. 22,23

352,353 History of Tartan war p. 24.25

354,355 History of Tartan war p. 26,27

356,357 History of Tartan war p. 28,29

358,359 History of Tartan war p. 30,31

360,361 History of Tartan war p. 32,33

362,363 History of Tartan war p. 34,35

364,365 History of Tartan war p. 36,37

366,367 Appendix p. 38,39

368,369 Appendix p. 40, blank

370,371 inner leaves blank

372,373 inner leaves blank

374,375 inner leaf, blank, inside back cover

376 back cover.

If needed, I can translate part or all of the 17th century Dutch texts into modern English.

Dr. Marcel van den Broecke

Cartographica Neerlandica

Soestdijkseweg 101

3721AA Bilthoven

Netherlands

Tel +31-30-2202396

Email: info@orteliusmaps.com† †


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